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SamenvattingAztec kings rule through skillful alliances, marriage and murder. They build remarkable cities and their systems of education and religion flourish until strange. Detail of ancient Mayan Gods and demons at Copan, Honduras. Yukateeks Maya. Mayan Prophecies: Blood Moon Collector's Edition > iPad, iPhone, Android. SEE THE MAYAN GODS | Hampton, Cecil | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon.
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A bird being, whose wife is Chimalmat and whose sons are the demonic giants Cabrakan and Zipacna. The god of travelers and merchants, who gave offerings to him on the side of roads while traveling.
One of the Hero or War Twins and companion to Hunahpu. A creator god couple which helped create the first humans. They are also the parents of Hun Hunahpu and Vucub Hunahpu.
They were called Grandmother of Day, Grandmother of Light and Bearer twice over, begetter twice over and given the titles midwife and matchmaker.
She was the daughter of Cuchumaquic, one of the lords of the underworld, Xibalba. She is noted for being the mother of the Hero Twins, Hunahpu and Xbalanque and is sometimes considered to be the Maya goddess associated with the waning moon.
God of the woods, of wild nature, and of the hunt; invoked before carving out a maize field from the wilderness. Things get a bit complicated when it comes to the mythical scope of the Mayan gods of death.
As for Yum Cimil, the god, espousing the state of decay, was represented with his skeletal mask, protruding belly filled with rotting matter , body adorned with bones, and a neckless bedecked with eyeless sockets.
In some narratives, he rules over the nine levels of the underworld known as Mitnal , where he takes sadistic pleasure in extinguishing the very essence of souls by torturing them with fire and water.
And interestingly enough, while he is often represented with motifs of corn sometimes in form of a headdress , Yum Kaax is not to be confused with the Maize God or God E.
Rather the deity, as the name suggests, was probably venerated as the guardian of the forest and protector of wildlife — both flora and fauna. Often depicted with an elaborate corn headdress and corn-cob pots in his hand, Yum Kaax was possibly worshiped by both farmers and hunters.
The former connection alludes to how the Mayan god was also revered as a deity of agriculture — so much so that many offered their first fruits to the deity of the forest.
As for the latter, the hunters had to offer special prayers and rituals that asked for the permission and the guidance of Yum Kaax pertaining to the species of the hunt especially when hunting deer.
Simply put, Huracan like the Hindu god Shiva was regarded as the antithetical being whose essence and behavior ironically leads to the survival of life.
One example would pertain to a mythical narrative that surmises how it was Huracan who sent a Great Flood to wipe out an entire generation of humans and invoke the Earth for renewal of life.
Given his immense power and chaotic origins, Huracan was often associated with lightning, wind, and storms — with the former often perceived as a manifestation of both fire and fertility.
Interestingly enough, in some tales, Huracan is the one who split opens the mountains by his lightning to reveal the hidden maize seed, thereby leading to the agricultural prowess of the Maya people.
Remember Me. Register Lost your password? Log in Lost your password? Username or E-mail:. Log in Register. Huracan is considered the god of fertile maize, but he is also associated with lightning and rain.
Some Maya kings, such as Waxaklahun-Ubah-K'awil at Tikal, took his name and dressed as K'awiil to express his own power.
The bat-god Camazotz, or Zotz, is featured in a story in the Popol Vuh, in which the Hero Twins Xbalanque and Hunahpu find themselves trapped in a cave full of bats, great beasts with "snouts like blades that they used as murderous weapons.
The story of the Hero Twins trapped in a bat cave doesn't appear anywhere else, not in the Maya codexes or illustrated on vases or stelae.
But bats are sometimes labeled Ka'kh' Uti' sutz' "fire is the bat's speech" , and they do appear in Maya iconography in four roles: an emblem for some group; a messenger and paired with a bird; a fertility or pollination symbol, paired with a hummingbird; and as a "wahy being," a bestial form of a personified disease.
Zipacna or Sipac is a celestial crocodile warrior, considered a counterpart of the pan-Mesoamerican god Cipactli , the earth-monster, who had to be killed to create the earth.
Known mainly from the 16th-century highland account of the Popol Vuh, Zipacna also appears in oral traditions of rural towns in highland Maya regions.
According to the Popol Vuh, Zipacna was the maker of mountains, who spent his days looking for crabs and fishes to eat, and his nights lifting up the mountains.
One day he dragged an enormous pole to help out boys who were building a new house. The boys conspired to kill him, but Zipacna saved himself.
Thinking they'd killed him, the boys got drunk, and Zipacna came out of his hiding places and pulled the house down on top of them, killing them all.
In revenge for the death of boys, the Hero Twins decided to kill Zipacna, by toppling a mountain onto his chest and turning him into stone.
Chac alternately spelled 'Chaac, Chahk, or Chaak , one of the oldest known gods in the Maya pantheon, can be traced in the Maya region back to the preclassic period.
Some scholars consider Chac the Maya version of the Aztec Quetzalcoatl. This god is illustrated with a long, pendulous and curling nose, and often holds axes or serpents in his fists, both of which are widespread symbols of lightning bolts.
During the Classic period, Kinich Ahau was used as a royal title, carrying the idea of the divine king. He is also known in the Mayan codices as God G and is shown in many carvings on Mayan pyramids.
Ix Chel is the goddess of medicine and midwifery, also known as the goddess of making children. She is represented as an aged woman.
Chaac is the goggled-eyed rain god, of prime importance to the Mayans. Chaac has a four-fold aspect, with each aspect representing the cardinal directions and colors.
Chaac brought clouds, thunder, lightning and most importantly, rain. Kukulkan is the feathered serpent god of the Mayans.
Kukulkan was worshipped by other Mesoamerican cultures such as the Aztecs, where the god was known as Quetzalcoatl. A Mayan cult grew up around Kukulkan, the priests of which helped peaceful trade and communications among the Mayans.
Fundamental beliefs in Mayan religion included calendar mapping, offering and sacrifices, prayers, and pilgrimages. Prayers involved various kinds of incantations and litanies involving saints, angles, and deities.
Beliefs and rituals also included various practices to attain purification. This included fasting, bathing, and sexual abstinence.
Pilgrimages were carried out to different places which had religious significance. The concept of sacrifice was quite important in relation to Mayan gods and goddesses.
As per the Mayan mythology, the gods sacrificed their body parts and lives in order to create the world and thus sacrifices offered by humans were a sign of gratitude.
This included offering of food and material possessions, the ritual of bloodletting and most importantly, the human sacrifice.
The concept of human sacrifice was not as important as among the Aztecs but it was nonetheless performed in a variety of ways.Mayan Gods. The Mayan people had an extensive pantheon of deities since they had a polytheistic belief system. The religion was based on a number of creation mythologies which described how humans came into being, how the world and the cosmos was created and what were the main tasks of different gods. 7/27/ · However, scholars have deciphered enough of the Mayan codices and hieroglyphics to cite the major Mayan gods. These gods are listed below, but the list is not comprehensive by any means. Itzamna. Itzamna is a creator god, one of the gods involved in creating human beings and father of the Bacabs, who upheld the corners of the world. The Mayan vision of the celestial vault was that it was supported by 4 gods called Bacabés. These 4 gods were related to the four cardinal points were next to them was a Sacred Ceiba, a tree that had given sustenance to the first men. Dual characteristics of the Mayan gods. Huracán, another significant Maya god, is often referred to as the Heart of Heaven, Heart of Sky, or Heart of Earth. While there is not much direct evidence about Huracán being the supreme creator god, the Popol Vuh does imply in one of its prayers that Huracán is a “giver of life.”. Among the notable Mayan gods were the Mayan maize god called Yumil Kaxob, the god of thunder and rain called Chac and others. Human sacrifices were routinely offered to the gods as a means of pleasing them and as a tribute to help them carry on their work. Maya (/ ˈ m ɑː j ə /; Devanagari: माया, IAST: māyā), literally "illusion" or "magic", has multiple meanings in Indian philosophies depending on the context. In later Vedic texts and modern literature dedicated to Indian traditions, Māyā connotes a "magic show, an illusion where things appear to be present but are not what they seem". This is a list of deities playing a role in the Classic (– CE), Post-Classic (– CE) and Contact Period (–) of Maya automaticidsolutions.com names are mainly taken from the Books of Chilam Balam, Lacandon ethnography, the Madrid Codex, the work of Diego de Landa, and the Popol Vuh. Chac (alternately spelled 'Chaac, Chahk, or Chaak), one of the oldest known gods in the Maya pantheon, can be traced in the Maya region back to the preclassic period. Some scholars consider Chac the Maya version of the Aztec Quetzalcoatl. Voor vrijwel elk mayan van hun bestaan hadden kaiju een god. Ihre E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht an Dritte weitergegeben. In: Reisverhalen.